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Scientific Program

* It is based on the local time of Seoul, Korea. (UTC/GMT +9:00)

Plenary Session 1

Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 09:10-09:40 Place Room 1
Speakers
  1. New technologies in bariatric and metabolic interventions
    IFSES President
    Natan Zundel (University at Buffalo, USA)

Plenary Session 2

Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 14:10-14:40 Place Room 1
Speakers
  1. Personal experiences of laparoscopic HBP surgery
    WCES 2022 President
    Ho-Seong Han (Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Korea)

Plenary Session 3

Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 14:40-15:10 Place Room 1
Speakers
  1. Skills, entrustment, and workplace-based assessment: New focal points for surgical education
    SAGES President
    John D. Mellinger (American Board of Surgery, USA)

Special Session 1

HBP 1
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 15:20-15:50 Place Room 2
Speakers
  1. International guidelines in minimally invasive pancreas surgery
    Horacio Asbun (Miami Cancer Institute, USA)

Special Session 2

UGI - Cancer
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 15:20-15:50 Place Room 3
Speakers
  1. Laparoscopic organ and function preserving surgeries for early gastric cancer
    Young-Woo Kim (National Cancer Center, Korea)

Special Session 3

Colorectal
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 15:20-15:50 Place Room 4
Speakers
  1. Assessment of surgical quality in randomised trials and training progress
    George Hanna (Imperial College London, UK)

Special Session 4

Surgical Endoscopy
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 15:20-15:50 Place Room 5
Speakers
  1. Update on intramural endoscopic surgery
    Jeffrey M Marks (University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, USA)

Special Session 5

Pediatric
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 15:20-15:50 Place Room 6
Speakers
  1. Endoscopic surgery on the fetus: Evidence based and clinical reality
    Jan Deprest (University Hospitals KU Leuven, Belgium)

Special Session 6

Bariatric 1
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 15:20-15:50 Place Room 7
Speakers
  1. Becoming a robotic surgeon 30 years after medical school - Insights and challenges
    Daniel M. Herron (Mount Sinai, USA)

Special Session 7

Thyroid
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 15:20-15:50 Place Room 8
Speakers
  1. TBD
    Ralph P Tufano (Sarasota Memorial Hospital and Johns Hopkins University, USA)

Special Session 8

Robotics
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 15:20-15:50 Place Room 9
Speakers
  1. Flexible endoscopy robot system in urology
    Dong-Soo Kwon (KAIST, Korea)

Liver 1

State of art: minimally invasive anatomical liver resection
The theoretical advantage of anatomic liver resection is excising the entire primary tumor along with adjacent liver parenchyma containing micrometastases that reside in the surrounding portal tributaries. in this session, we wil discuss the various method of minimal invasive anatomical liver resection.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 09:40-11:00 Place Room 1
Speakers
  1. 1.Precision anatomy in laparoscopic anatomical liver resection
    Go Wakabayashi (Ageo Central General Hospital, Japan)
  2. 2.Minimally invasive inflow control using glissonean approach
    Rawisak Chanwat (National Cancer Institute, Thailand)
  3. 3.Standardization of anatomical liver resection based on Laennec's capsule
    Atsushi Sugioka (Fujita Health University Hospital, Japan)
  4. 4.Hepatic vein guided approach for anatomical liver resection
    Ji Hoon Kim (National Cancer Center, Korea)

Biliary & Pancreas 1

Various approaches in MIPD: Which is better?
The number of MIPDs being performed is increasing. Also, with the advent of the robotic platform, many surgeons are starting robotic PD. In this session, we will discuss the pros and cons of each approach for PD.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 09:40-11:00 Place Room 2
Speakers
  1. 1.Current evidence of MIPD
    Ender Dulundu (Haydarpasa Numune Educational and Research Hospital, Turkey)
  2. 2.Laparoscopic PD
    C. Palanivleu (GEM Hospital and Research Centre, India)
  3. 3.Laparoscopic PD with robotic reconstruction
    Jin-Young Jang (Seoul National University Hospital, Korea)
  4. 4.Robotic PD
    John Bennett Martinie (Carolinas Medical Center, USA)

UGI 1

Robotic Gastrectomy in gastric cancer
There are theoretical advantages in robotic surgery over laparoscopic surgery. However, benefits of robotic gastrectomy in gastric cancer are controversial. This session will address recent studies about robotic gastrectomy.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 09:40-11:00 Place Room 3
Speakers
  1. 1.Robotic versus laparoscopic distal gastrectomy
    Chang-Ming Huang (Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, China)
  2. 2.Oncologic outcomes of robotic subtotal gastrectomy in advanced gastric cancer
    Ichiro Uyama (Fujita Health University, Japan)
  3. 3.Feasibility of robotic reduced port gastrectomy
    Hyoung-Il Kim (Severance Hospital, Korea)
  4. 4.Robot assisted gastrectomy using deep learning of loose connective tissue fiber
    TBD

Colorectal 1

Noble Answers to the updated Techniques of Coloproctology
The aim of this session is to introduce novel technique for colorectal cancer. Participants of this session will understand the clinical implication of upcoming surgical technique.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 09:40-11:00 Place Room 4
Speakers
  1. 1.Minimally invasive approach for the treatment of IBD
    Min Soo Cho (Severance Hospital, Korea)
  2. 2.High vs low ligation of IMA for rectal cancer surgery
    Chang Hyun Kim (Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Korea)
  3. 3.ERAS program for rectal cancer surgery
    Ratha Krishnan Sriram (Gleneagles Hospital Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia)
  4. 4.Minimally invasive approach for supra-radical rectal cancer surgery
    Songphol Malakorn (Center of Excellence for Colorectal Cancer, Thailand)

Surgical Endoscopy 1

Advanced Endoscopic Technology
In this session, cutting-edge technologies in the field of flexible endoscopy will be introduced and their clinical applications discussed.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 09:40-11:00 Place Room 5
Speakers
  1. 1.Image enhanced endoscopy
    Masau Sekiguchi (National Cancer Center Hospital, Japan)
  2. 2.Spyglass cholangioscopy
    Sung Uk Jang (Cleveland Clinic, USA)
  3. 3.Robotic endoscopic system
    Davide Lomanto (National University Hospital, Singapore)
  4. 4.Capsule endoscopy
    Yun Jeong Lim (Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Korea)

Pediatric 1

Minimally invasive correction of esophageal atresia
Minimally invasive surgical correction of congenital esophageal atresia is a technically demanding procedure even for the most experienced pediatric surgeon. This session reviews past experiences and also highlights recent advances regarding this challenging congenital malformation.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 09:40-11:00 Place Room 6
Speakers
  1. 1.Minimally invasive surgery for esophageal atresia: Long-term outcomes and limitations
    Sanghoon Lee (Samsung Medical Center, Korea)
  2. 2.Endoscopic management of recurrent tracheo-esophagela fistula
    Matthew M. Smith (Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, USA)
  3. 3.Long-gap esophageal atresia: What are the options?
    Hyun-Young Kim (Seoul National University Hospital, Korea)
  4. 4.Thoracoscopic traction technique for long-gap esophageal atresia
    Hiroo Uchida (Nagoya University Hospital, Japan)

Bariatric 1

What we can do after failed primary bariatric surgery (Discussion)
As the cumulative number of bariatric procedures is growing, revisional bariatric procedures are becoming increasingly common due to insufficient weight loss or weight regain. There is still controversy over which revisional procedure is more effective after primary surgery. In this session, we will discuss which option works better in failed primary sleeve and gastric bypass, respectively.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 09:40-11:00 Place Room 7
Speakers
  1. 1.Revisional surgeries after failed sleeve
  2. 1) Conversion to RYGB will make patients back on track
    Salman Al-Sabah (Al-Amiri hospital, Kuwait)
  3. 2) Conversion to sleeve-plus will achieve more effective weight loss
    Catalin Copaescu (Ponderas Academic Hospital, Romania)
  4. 2.Revisional surgeries after failed RYGB
  5. 1) Bypass length matters : conversion to distal RYGB
    Sang-Moon Han (Seoul Medical Center , Korea)
  6. 2) Revisional surgery after failed RYGB: Is it restriction the problem?
    Robert B. Lim (Oklahoma University School of Medicine at Tulsa, USA)

Thyroid 1

Transoral thyroid surgery
Transoral approach is the most attracting access for endoscopic and robotic thyroid surgery nowadays making no scar exposed and resulting in the favorable surgical outcomes as well. The procedures, practical tips and updated outcomes of TOETVA and TORT will be instructed in details by the world-leading surgeons in this field.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 09:40-11:00 Place Room 8
Speakers
  1. 1.Procedures of TOETVA (Transoral Endoscopic Thyroidectomy Vestibular Approach)
    Angkoon Anuwong (Police General Hospital, Thailand)
  2. 2.Procedures of TORT (Transoral Robotic Thyroidectomy)
    Hoon Yub Kim (Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea)
  3. 3.How to avoid procedure-related complications in transoral thyroid surgery
    Ralph P Tufano (Sarasota Memorial Hospital and Johns Hopkins University, USA)
  4. 4.Outcomes and evidences of transoral thyroid surgery
    Yoo Seok Kim (Chosun University Hospital, Korea)

Sarcopenia & Prehabilitation

TBD
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 09:40-11:00 Place Room 9
Speakers
  1. 1.Impact of preoperative malnutrition on postoperative long-term outcomes of patients with hepatobiliary pancreatic surgery?
    Boram Lee (Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Korea)
  2. 2.Prehabilitation for hepatopancreatobiliary surgical patients
    TBD
  3. 3.Combating sarcopenia with prehabiliation in geriatric patients
    TBD
  4. 4.Prehabilitation versus Postoperative rehabilitation
    Sang-Yong Son (Ajou University Hospital, Korea)

Liver 2

Minimally invasive approach for HCC
Hepatocellular carcinoma is most common type of primary liver cancer. Surgical resection is the gold standard for early stage of hepatocellular carcinoma management. This session focused on the latest advances in minimally invasive surgical treatment of HCC. we will discuss the pros and cons of Minimally invasive approach for HCC.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 11:20-12:40 Place Room 1
Speakers
  1. 1.Current roles and limitations of laparoscopic liver resection for HCC
    David Geller (UPMC Presbyterian Hospital, USA)
  2. 2.Laparoscopic repeated hepatectomy for recurrent HCC
    Zenichi Morise (Fujita Health University Okazaki Medical Center, Japan)
  3. 3.Is laparoscopic liver resection really beneficial in HCC with cirrhosis?
    Roberto Ivan Troisi (Federico II University Hospital, Italy)
  4. 4.Anatomical liver resection in the era of ICG fluorescent images
    Catherine S. C. Teh (St Lukes Medical Center & Makati Medical Center, Philippines)

Biliary & Pancreas 2

Risk and Benefits of Minimally Invasive Pancreatectomy
Pancreatectomy has inherent dangers such as bleeding, and the potential for pancreatic fistula. These dangers are emphasized in high risk patients. But with a collective advance in surgical technique, the indication for minimally invasive pancreatectomy is expanding. In this session, we discuss the risks and benefits of minimally invasive pancreatectomy.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 11:20-12:40 Place Room 2
Speakers
  1. 1.Pancreatectomy for elderly/obese patients:
    Mohammad Abu Hilal (Fondazione Poliambulanza Istituto, Italy)
  2. 2.Minimally invasive pancreatectomy for advanced pancreatic cancer
    Ki Byung Song (Asan Medical Center, Korea)
  3. 3.Pancreatectomy for advanced pancreatic cancer
    Hiroki Yamaue (Wakayama Medical University Hospital, Japan)
  4. 4.Pancreatic anastomosis for soft pancreas and small pancreatic duct
    Chang Moo Kang (Severance Hospital, Korea)

UGI 2

More Minimally invasive Laparoscopic Gastrectomy
Quality of life has been more important in patients with gastric cancer. Therefore surgeon try to perform gastrectomy less invasively. This session will address recent development of surgical procedure in minimal invasive surgery.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 11:20-12:40 Place Room 3
Speakers
  1. 1.Reduced port surgery
    Han Hong Lee (Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, Korea)
  2. 2.Needlescopic gastrectomy
    Kenta Doden (Ishikawa Prefectural Central Hospital, Japan)
  3. 3.LECS
    Souya Nunobe (Cancer Institute Hospital, Japan)
  4. 4.Single port
    Sang-Hoon Ahn (Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Korea)

Colorectal 2

Toward New Standards in the Treatment of Far Advanced Colorectal Cancer
The aim of this session is to find a next guideline for complicated colorectal cancer, participant of this session will have further insight and solutions for far advanced colorectal cancer.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 11:20-12:40 Place Room 4
Speakers
  1. 1.Prognostic impact of lateral pelvic node dissection on the survival
    Koya Hida (Kyoto University Hospital, Japan)
  2. 2.Recent Japanese treatment strategies of enlarged pelvic node in rectal cancer
    Soichiro Ishihara (The University of Tokyo Hospital, Japan)
  3. 3.Palliative resection of stage IV colorectal cancer
    Seung-Bum Ryoo (Seoul National University Hospital, Korea)
  4. 4.Effectiveness of Intraperitoneal treatment of colorectal peritoneal metastasis
    Sung Chan Park (National Cancer Center, Korea)

Surgical Endoscopy 2

Endoscopy Education Program for Surgeons
In this session, we will introduce and discuss endoscopy training programs for surgeons in each country.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 11:20-12:40 Place Room 5
Speakers
  1. 1.Endoscopy education program for surgeons in Thailand
    Chainrong Phalanusittepha (Siriraj Hospital, Thailand)
  2. 2.Education and training of surgical endoscopy - Global perspective
    Philip Wai-yan Chiu (Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong)
  3. 3.Endoscopy education program for surgeons in US
    Jeffrey M Marks (University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, USA)
  4. 4.Endoscopy education program for surgeons in Korea
    Han Hong Lee (Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, Korea)

Pediatric 2

Robotic surgery for pediatric patients
Slowly but steadily, robotic surgery is being applied to a variety of surgical procedures in the field of pediatric surgery. This session focuses on the present status and also future applications of robotic surgery for children.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 11:20-12:40 Place Room 6
Speakers
  1. 1.Testing the limits of robotic surgery for application in pediatric patients
    Jung-Man Namgoong (Asan Medical Center, Korea)
  2. 2.Current status of robotic urologic surgery in pediatric patients
    Sang Hoon Song (Asan Medical Center, Korea)
  3. 3.Current status of robotic hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery in pediatric patients
    Seok Joo Han (Severance Children Hospital, Korea)
  4. 4.Current status of robotic oncologic surgery in pediatric patients
    Thomas Blanc (Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital, France)

Bariatric 2

How to manage long-term problems after bariatric surgery
Bariatric/metabolic surgery is very effective in treating morbid obesity, but it is not without any cost. Long-term complications and sequelae should always be deliberately considered. In this session, we will discuss long-term problems that bariatric patients commonly encounter and their solutions.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 11:20-12:40 Place Room 7
Speakers
  1. 1.Annoying GERD after SG
    Raul Rosenthal (Cleveland Clinic, USA)
  2. 2.Refractory anemia & micronutrient deficiencies after RYGB
    Aurora D. Pryor (Stony Brook University Medical Center, USA)
  3. 3.Postprandial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia after RYGB
    Yong Jin Kim (H + Yangji Hospital, Korea)
  4. 4.Patient regret after band, bypass and sleeve
    Daniel B Jones (Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, USA)

Thyroid 2

Recent advancements in endoscopic and robotic thyroid surgery
Recently there were several technical developments in thyroid and parathyroid surgery including the intraoperative neuromonitoring and the intraoperative parathyroid detection technologies. In addition, single access robotic surgical system was introduced for thyroid surgery as well. The leaders in the topics will introduce the relevant recent advancements in the session.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 11:20-12:40 Place Room 8
Speakers
  1. 1.Thyroid surgery and IONM adjunctive technology: Defining the limits
    Gianlorenzo Dionigi (Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCS and University of Milan, Italy)
  2. 2.Intraoperative localization of parathyroid using autofluorescence and assessment of perfusion
    Wan Wook Kim (Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital, Korea)
  3. 3.Technical comparison of endoscopic vs robotic thyroid surgery
    Yu-Hsien CHEN (Keelung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan)
  4. 4.Single port robotic thyroid surgery
    Kee-Hyun Nam (Severance Hospital, Korea)

Liver 3

Technically challenging minimally invasive liver resection I
With advances in technology and techniques, minimally invasive surgery has now become the standard of care in liver surgery. However, advanced liver cancer, such as invasion of major vessel or laparoscopically inaccessible location remains a challenge in minimally invasive liver surgery. In this session, you will get the knowledge and techniques for minimally invasive liver surgery for advanced cases.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 16:10-17:30 Place Room 1
Speakers
  1. 1.Laparoscopic liver resection for tumors with invasionn of bile duct or major vessels
    Yajin Chen (Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, China)
  2. 2.Laparoscopic liver resection for tumors located in posterosuperior segments
    Jai Young Cho (Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Korea)
  3. 3.Laparoscopic liver resection for centrally located tumors
    Toru Ikegami (The Jikei University School of Medicine, Japan)
  4. 4.Pure laparoscopic right hemihepatectomy for HCC following sequential transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and right portal vein embolization
    Ki-Hun Kim (Asan Medical Center, Korea)

Biliary & Pancreas 3

Minimally Invasive Pancreatectomy for malignant pancreatic tumor
In the early period of MIPS, pancreatic malignancies were often considered difficult cases for MIPS. But with advances in surgical technique, more sugeons are performing successful MIPS on pancreatic malignancies. In this session, we discuss the merits of MIPS for malignant pancreatic tumor.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 16:10-17:30 Place Room 2
Speakers
  1. 1.Vessel resecion and anastomosis during minimally invasive pancreatectomy
    Igor Khatkov (Moscow Clinical Scientific Center, Russia)
  2. 2.Minimally invasive total pancreatectomy
    Rong Liu (The First Medical Center of Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) General Hospital, China)
  3. 3.Minimally invasive radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy
    Tae-Ho Hong (Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, Korea)
  4. 4.Artery first approach in lap PD
    Senthilnathan Palanisamy (P. Senthilnathan) (Gem Hospital and Research Centre, India)

UGI 3

Ending debates on antireflux surgery for GERD
Get to know about recent hot issues on anti-reflux surgery
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 16:10-17:30 Place Room 3
Speakers
  1. 1.Cost-effectiveness of anti-reflux surgery comparing to PPI
    Kyung Won Seo (Kosin University Gospel Hospital, Korea)
  2. 2.Can surgical MSA replace laparoscopic fundoplication?
    John C. Lipham (Keck Medical Center of USC, USA)
  3. 3.What should we do for large hiatal hernia with GERD
    Joong-Min Park (Chung-Ang University Gwang-Myeong Hospital, Korea)
  4. 4.How to improve outcomes for laparoscopic fundoplication: Choice of partial or total fundoplication
    Yosuke Seki (Yotsuya Medical Cube, Japan)
  5. 5.Surgical management for failed fundoplication and GERD after bariatric surgery
    Guilherme M. Rocha Campos (Virginia Commonwealth University Hospital, USA)

Colorectal 3

Loon Shots for Next Generation Colorectal Surgeons
The aim of this session is to introcude the recent update of translational research in the foeld of colorectal disease. Participants of this session will meet the next generation reserch for colorectal disease such as liquid biopsy and Robotic Technique.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 16:10-17:30 Place Room 4
Speakers
  1. 1.Liquid biopsy of extracellular vesicles for colorectal cancer detection and monitoring
    Hakho Lee (Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard University, USA)
  2. 2.Molecular characterization of colorectal signet-ring cell carcinoma using whole-exome and RNA sequencing
    Yong Beom Cho (Samsung Medical Center, Korea)
  3. 3.Modulating intraperitoneal microenvironment using immunotherapy
    Woo Ram Kim (Bundang CHA Medical Center, Korea)
  4. 4.Prognostic value of apical lymph node metastasis at the inferior mesenteric artery in sigmoid and rectal cancer patients who undergo laparoscopic surgery
    Minhua Zheng (Ruijin Hospital (Shanghai Jiaotong University), China)

Surgical Endoscopy 3

UGI
In this session, various diagnostic and treatment techniques of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy are introduced and discussed.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 16:10-17:30 Place Room 5
Speakers
  1. 1.Role of EUS in subepithelial tumor
    Byung-Hoon Min (Samsung Medical Center, Korea)
  2. 2.The role of endoscopic management in afferent loop syndrome
    Mouen Khashab (Johns Hopkins Hospital, USA)
  3. 3.Endoscopic enteral stent placement for malignant distal duodenal obstruction
    D Nageshwar Reddy (A Unit of Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, India)
  4. 4.EUS-guided gastrojejunostomy for malignant distal duodenal obstruction
    Takayoshi Tsuchiya (Tokyo Medical University Hospital, Japan)

Pediatric 3

Pros & cons in pediatric minimally invasive surgery (Discussion)
Is minimally invasive surgery for anorectal malformation truly "minimally invasive"? Can minimally invasive Kasai portoenterostomy be safely and effectively treat biliary atresia? Experts go head-to-head in this pros and cons debate session to try and shed light on these lingering questions in pediatric surgery.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 16:10-17:30 Place Room 6
Speakers
  1. 1.MIS for biliary atresia
  2. 1) Pro
    TBD
  3. 2) Con
    Eunyoung Jung (Keimyung University Dongsan Hospital, Korea)
  4. 2.MIS for anorectal malformation
  5. 1) Pro
    Jeong-Meen Seo (Samsung Medical Center, Korea)
  6. 2) Con
    TBD

Bariatric 3

Advanced technology in bariatric/metabolic surgery
TBD
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 16:10-17:30 Place Room 7
Speakers
  1. 1.Rationale of 'sleeve plus' - Why not gastric bypass?
    Kazunori Kasama (Weight Loss and Metabolic Surgery Center, Japan)
  2. 2.Endoluminal treatment for obesity and diabetes
    Nicole D. Bouvy (Maastricht University Medical Centre, The Netherlands)
  3. 3.Technical details of duodenal anastomosis - How I do it safely in superobese and male patients?
    Suthep Udomsawaengsup (Chulalongkorn University, Thailand)
  4. 4.The mystery of the bypassed small bowel length - SADI or DJB? which is better and safe?
    Eduardo M Targarona (Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Spain)

Thyroid 3

Updates in adrenal surgery
Various approaches for laparoscopic or endoscopic adrenal surgery have been introduced to date. In the session, recently developed attractive approaches, such as posterior retroperitoneal approach, single access, and robotic approach, as well as the tips for the selection of the approaches will be instructed by the world-leading surgeons in the field.
Date & Time October 6 (Thu), 16:10-17:30 Place Room 8
Speakers
  1. 1.Single-port robot assisted adrenalectomy
    Kwangsoon Kim (Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, Korea)
  2. 2.Retroperitoneal approach for paraganglioma
    Sang-Wook Kang (Severance Hospital, Korea)
  3. 3.Robotic adrenalectomy: Recent advances in indications, technique and outcomes
    Eren Berber (Cleveland Clinic, USA)
  4. 4.How to choose laparoscopic vs robotic and transperitoneal vs retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy
    Chung-Ngai Tang (Pamela Youde Hospital, Hong Kong)